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Monday, August 3, 2020 | History

3 edition of Snail control in the prevention of bilharziasis found in the catalog.

Snail control in the prevention of bilharziasis

World Health Organization

Snail control in the prevention of bilharziasis

by World Health Organization

  • 103 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published in Geneva .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Schistosomiasis,
  • Snails as carriers of disease

  • Edition Notes

    SeriesWorld Health Organization. Monograph series -- no. 50, Monograph series (World Health Organization) -- no. 50
    The Physical Object
    Pagination255 p.
    Number of Pages255
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16403196M
    LC Control Number65006344

    Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharziasis or "snail fever," is a waterborne parasitic infection that damages internal organs. The most common symptoms are blood in urine and/or feces and an enlarged liver, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weakness, and anemia.   Publ. Hlth, Lond. () 97, Snails, Schistosomiasis, and Irrigation in the Tropics Anthony J. Dzik instructor of Geography, Roosevelt University, S. Michigan A venue, Chicago, Illinois , U.S.A. Schistosomiasis is a debilitating disease endemic to much of the tropical world.

    The use of molluscivorous fish for biological control of snail intermediate hosts of schistosomiasis is a regularly reappearing theme in the literature on schistosomiasis control. The effectiveness of this control method has not yet been demonstrated, and conclusive field evidence is lacking. Control strategies to reduce human schistosomiasis have evolved from 'snail picking' campaigns, a century ago, to modern wide-scale human treatment campaigns, or preventive chemotherapy.

    The Bilharzia Prevention Communication Campaign was implemented by the Uganda Ministry of Health Vector Control Division, with technical assistance from The Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs, and funding from an American philanthropist.. The campaign ran from August through May and reached a large proportion of Ugandans living in endemic areas of the country. (=bilharzia, bilharziasis, or snail fever) transmission until the mid’s, but trans-mission is now occurring along shores in the southern part of the lake (Nankumba Peninsula), and this may be related in part to over-fishing. Several fish species in-cluding those that primarily feed on freshwater snails have declined in abundance.


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Snail control in the prevention of bilharziasis by World Health Organization Download PDF EPUB FB2

Application of chemical molluscicides, either by blanket or focal treatments, was the most common approach to snail control at Schistosoma transmission sites in Africa and the Americas during the s–s.

Although copper sulfate and sodium pentachlorophenate were in use in the s, niclosamide became the compound most frequently studied in published reports after [].Cited by:   Control measures can include mass drug treatment of entire communities and targeted treatment of school-age children.

Some of the problems with control of schistosomiasis include: Chemicals used to eliminate snails in freshwater sources may harm other species of animals in the water and, if treatment is not sustained, the snails may return to.

Get this from a library. Snail control in the prevention of bilharziasis. [World Health Organization.]. Many countries endemic for schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) have made enormous progress in scaling-up preventive treatment mainly of school aged children.

But despite progress, a comprehensive approach - including behaviour change, clean water supply, improved sanitation and snail control - is needed. Snail control (or mollusciciding to eliminate snail hosts) is bound to improve impact of.

Miscellaneous: Snail control in the prevention of bilharziasis. pp pp. Abstract: This monograph represents an attempt to bring together available information on snail control with special reference to the reduction of schistosomiasis schistosomiasis Subject.

Book ID: Title: Snail control in the prevention of Bilharziasis: Author: World Health Organization: Year: Info: pp., 24 figs, hc gr. 8: Category. Informal Consultation on Research on the Biological Control of Snail Intermediate Hosts (‎‎ Geneva)‎‎; UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (‎ World Health OrganizationWorld Health Organization, )‎.

Bilharzia, or schistosomiasis, is a parasitic disease that can result in serious damage to the internal organs. A river fluke or worm that lives in snails causes it, affecting the urinary system. The specific snail vectors can be difficult to identify, and whether snails are infected with human schistosome species can only be determined in the laboratory.

The geographic distribution of cases of schistosomiasis acquired by travelers reflects travel and immigration patterns. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.

Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Bilharziasis/ Schistosomiasis in Palestine, Venezuela (), Sudan, Portugal, Maroc, China, Mesopotamia (), etc. 15 offprints.

by Schistosomiasis ; Bilharziasis. Snail control in the prevention of bilharziasis. [Contributors: N. Ansari et al. Editor-in-chief: J.M. Watson]. Prevention and Control. The integrated control of schistosomiasis advanced considerably with the introduction of praziquantel (PZQ) in the late 's.

After decades of extensive use, severe schistosome-related morbidities decreased significantly, but high re-infection rates and transmission remained. Laboratory experiments were carried out to test the role of Helisoma duryi snails in the biological control of Bulinus original H.

duryi stock was obtained from the Danish Bilharziasis Laboratory, Denmark. The laboratory reared Helisoma snails possessed a high reproductive capacity, hardiness of the offspring, and low natural mortality rate under our laboratory conditions. Schistosomiasis, also known as snail fever and bilharzia, is a disease caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes.

The urinary tract or the intestines may be infected. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stool, or blood in the urine. Those who have been infected for a long time may experience liver damage, kidney failure, infertility, or bladder cancer. Schistosomiasis, group of chronic disorders caused by small, parasitic flatworms (family Schistosomatidae) commonly called blood flukes.

Schistosomiasis is characterized by inflammation of the intestines, bladder, liver, and other organs.

Next to malaria, it is probably humanity’s most serious. Prevention and control The control of schistosomiasis is based on large-scale treatment of at-risk population groups, access to safe water, improved sanitation, hygiene education, and snail control.

The WHO strategy for schistosomiasis control focuses on reducing disease through periodic, targeted treatment with praziquantel through the large. Soc. Sci. & Med. Vol. 9, pp. to Pergamon Press Printed in Great Britain. PREVENTING SCHISTOSOMIASIS: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF PRESENT POLICY F. SANDBACH Keynes College, The University, Canterbury, Kent, U.K.

Abstract-In the fight against schistosomiasis, most emphasis has until today been placed on the chemical control of the snail. Control Program What is schistosomiasis. Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharziasis or “snail fever,” is a waterborne parasitic infection that damages internal organs, with the most common symptom being blood in urine and/or feces and an enlarged liver.

It most. How to Control Garden Snails. Here are the most common methods for getting rid of snails in the garden: Introduce predators – One effective organic snail control is to introduce or encourage predators. Make your garden friendly to small snakes, like the garter snake.

These snakes enjoy eating garden snails as well as other common garden pests. Looking for Organic slug and snail control? Here are our suggestions for the 10 Best Ways To Control Slugs and Snails Organically.Bilharziasis, bilharzia, bilharziosis, and snail fever or, in the acute form, Katayama fever are alternate names for schistosomiasis.

Theodore Bilharz identified the parasite Schistosoma hematobium in Egypt in Schistosomiasis is the second most prevalent tropical disease in the world; malaria is the first. The disease is found mainly in.Gundersen, S.

G., Birrie, H., Torvik, P. & Scherbaum, H. () Control of Schistosoma mansoni in the Blue Nile Valley of western Ethiopia by mass chemotherapy and focal snail control: a primary health care experience. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 84 (6), –